One can only understand the appeal of Indian Cricket and how it has spread its roots throughout India when a nation with a population of 1.5 billion people pauses to watch the World Cup final. It is comparable to basketball in the USA and football in Argentina. The Indian cricket team has attained remarkable heights over the years by winning world championships in various forms, the highest team rankings, and the best individual numbers. India has used its popularity to structure cricket’s echelons down to the most basic levels. Let’s examine the development of cricket in India over the years, in all of its forms.
Cricket was played by British sailors off the coast of Kutch, Gujarat, around 1721, according to history. The British troops and British settlers played cricket for the first time in 1751. The second-oldest Cricket Club in the world was founded in Calcutta in 1792. Old Etonian Robert Vansittart recorded the “First Recorded Century” on Indian soil during a match between the Calcutta Cricket Club’s squad and the Old Etonians.
When the Oriental Cricket Club was founded in Mumbai in 1848, Parsis became the first Indian civilian society to get obsessed with cricket. The Hindus and other communities soon followed suit. In 1886, the Parsis first performed in England. The squad exceeded its goals on the 1888 tour after a disastrous performance in 1886. At the conclusion of the 31-match tour, Parsis had won 8, lost 11, and tied 12 games.
The Maharaja of Patiala headed an “All India” squad that toured England in 1911. The Board of Control for Indian Cricket (BCCI) was founded in 1928. After thereafter, an ordered framework was established throughout India. The BCCI now oversees the organization of the Vijay Hazare Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Cup, and the Ranji Trophy (First-Class Cricket).
Cricket in Test-Squad History
India first played in Test matches in 1932, under Col. C.K. Nayudu, not long after the BCCI was founded. Against powerful England, India lost the Test by a score of 187 runs. The first Test victory for India came 20 years later. In Chennai, they defeated England by an innings and 8 runs to win the last Test in a five-match Test series. The same year, India won their first Test series by defeating their new neighbors Pakistan 2-1. India defeated New Zealand 3-1 in a four-match Test series to win their first overseas Test series in 1967–1968. Erapalli Prasanna, an off-break bowler, with a tour-high average of 18.79 wickets and took 24 of them.
India won three-Test series in 1970–1971 and 1973, including one against the West Indies and consecutive series against England. The team recorded their most successful run chase at Port of Spain, reaching 406 runs in the fourth innings while losing only four wickets. India won their first Test series in India in 1971 under Ajit Wadekar’s leadership. India failed to increase their global influence when Test cricket began to take off. Between 1982 and 1985-86, they were unable to win a single series out of ten. However, things started to change in 1992–1993, when a new group of players rose to prominence, winning 7 out of 10 series while losing just one.
India’s victory over Australia in 2001 is among its most notable triumphs. With the aid of VVS Laxman’s 281 runs and Rahul Dravid’s 190 runs, India amassed a large total of 657 for 7 in the second innings after having to face a follow-on in the first. Australia lost to them by 171 runs. India eventually prevailed, taking the series 2-1.
India has made significant progress in Test cricket throughout the years. For five years in a row, they held the Test Mace (Rank One in Test cricket). India unexpectedly came back to win the series 2-1 in 2020–21 after losing the first Test in Australia. The Gabba, an Australian stronghold for more than 30 years, saw its maiden Test victory thanks to this side. India made it to the ICC’s first Test Championship Final, but ultimately fell to New Zealand. India has played 551 Test matches thus far. They have 152 wins, 170 losses, 1 tie, and 170 draws to their credit.
The first One Day International between India and England took place in Leeds 42 years after India’s maiden Test match. India batted first and set England a goal of 266 runs, which they achieved with the loss of just 6 wickets. India defeated East Africa to win their first ODI at the inaugural ICC World Cup. East Africa set a 121-run target, which the side captained by Srinivas Venkataraghavan successfully chased down.
India defeated England in Jalandhar on December 20, 1981, and that victory was their first in an ODI on home soil. They had six wickets in hand. By defeating England in the third and final ODI of the series, India also achieved their first ODI series victory.
In 1983, when India won the ICC World Cup, the entire country went absolutely nuts. India defeated two-time champion West Indies in the World Cup final to become the second team to take home the trophy. In their first inning of play, while batting first, India scored 183 runs. To limit the powerful Caribbean team to 140, Indian bowlers put up an outstanding performance. In the championship game, Mohinder Amarnath went 3 for 12 and won man of the match honors. The following year, they defeated Pakistan in the World Championship of Cricket’s Benson & Hedges final by an 8-wicket margin.
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History of T20I
India finally switched to T20Is on December 1, 2006, when they played South Africa in Johannesburg, as the game’s formats have changed throughout the years. For their maiden victory in the new format, they chased down the 127 runs that the hosts had set for them while losing only 4 wickets. Before the ICC’s 2007 inaugural T20I World Cup, they only participated in this one T20I match. MS Dhoni-led a brand-new team. After the game ended in a tie, they defeated their arch-rival Pakistan in a bowl. India lost for the first time in a T20I match against New Zealand. The T20I World Cup’s 13th match featured New Zealand defeating India by 10 runs.
The BCCI established the Indian Premier League, a professional T20 Cricket League, in response to the development of the T20 format. Eight Indian cities compete by selecting players in player auctions. Currently in its 14th successful season, the league. a franchise in Mumbai The most successful IPL team is Mumbai Indians, who have won five championships.
Many Indian players from the grassroots level, including Jaspreet Bumrah, Hardik Pandya, Krunal Pandya, and Suryakumar Yadav, were given the opportunity to play for India shortly after the IPL began.